Polymer-clay Nano Composites

  • R. S. Chauhan Defence Research & Development Establishment, Gwalior
  • Rupa Chaturvedi Aeronautic Development Establishment, Bangalore
  • P. K. Gutch Defence Research & Development Establishment, Gwalior
Keywords: Nano composites, polymer-clay composites, nano technology, nano materials, polymerclay nano composites


Nano has now become a theme in almost all the established discipline. The confluence of
innovative methodologies, sophisticated characterisation techniques, and potential technological
utility has resulted in intense research activity in the field of polymer nano composites. Polymer
composites made out of nano materials display unique properties in terms of improved tensile
strength, flexibility, and flexural endurance. The paper discusses the development of polymerclay
nano composites, both from the conceptual point of view as well as practical methods for
the synthesis of nano composites. These are monomer intercalation, monomer modification,
common solvent, and melt-intercalation methods. Various models have been discussed that
describe improvements in mechanical and barriers properties due to the incorporation of nano
materials. Ongoing R&D work in the two DRDO laboratories on the development of nano
composites has been briefly mentioned. The emerging use of polymer-nano composites has also
been described.
How to Cite
Chauhan, R., Chaturvedi, R., & Gutch, P. (2006). Polymer-clay Nano Composites. Defence Science Journal, 56(4), 649-664. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.56.1930
Materials Science & Metallurgy

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