Synthesis of Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles/Fibres in Alcoholic Medium using y-ray Technique
Nanoparticles of cobalt oxides were synthesised by steady state g irradiation technique using various alcoholic salt solutions of cobalt ions with aniline acting as a stabiliser. Preliminary results were investigated using UV-vis and Fourier transform infra red analysis. The X-ray diffractograms revealed major peaks at 2q values of ~ 36.4°, 39.1°, 44.2°, and 65.7° corresponding to the Co3O4 phase and one peak at ~30.7° (100 per cent intensity) for Co2O3 phase. Lower alcohols yielded particles while fibres were formed in higher alcohols as observed from transmission electron microscopic analysis. Iso-propanol was observed to yield cobalt oxide nanoparticles with highest stability, conversion yield and homogeneity in size. The average measured diameter and length of these fibres were ~29 nm and 130 nm respectively. Energy dispersive spectroscopy supports the formation of cobalt oxide. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic results for iso-propanol sample show a peak at 781.6 eV confirming the formation of Co3O4.
Defence Science Journal, 2010, 60(5), pp.507-513, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.60.574
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