Synthesis of Nanocrystalline PZT by Hydrothermal Method

  • Anjali A. Athawale University of Pune, Pune
  • Malini S. Bapat University of Pune, Pune
Keywords: Lead zirconium titanate, piezoelectric materials, electrostrictive materials, actuators, memoryalloys, PZT nanoparticles, perovskite structure, perovskite, hydrothermal synthesis


Synthesis of lead zirconium titanate by a simple, low-energy consumption hydrothermalmeans is being reported. The precursor materials have been chosen and the method is tailoredso that the process becomes economical and offers low lead loss. The synthesised powdershave been analysed by FTIR, XRD, SEM, TEM, and TGA. The results show the formation oftetragonal PZT nanoparticles with an average yield of ~75 per cent. On the basis of FTIR, theproduct formation is understood to proceed via the formation of a three metal cation hydroxidecomplex, that under hydrothermal treatment undergoes conversion directly to form the tetragonalphase of lead zirconium titanate.
How to Cite
Athawale, A., & Bapat, M. (2007). Synthesis of Nanocrystalline PZT by Hydrothermal Method. Defence Science Journal, 57(1), 35-39.
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