Studies on Physico-Mechanical and Explosive Characteristics of RDX/HMX-Based Castable Plastic-Bonded Explosives
AbstractConventional cast explosives (RDX/TNT) have major drawbacks of poor mechanical properties,shrinkages and higher sensitivity .These properties can be improved by applying plastic bindersystems. The plastic-bonded explosive (PBX) is a composite material in which solid explosive particles are dispersed in a polymer matrix. The present paper describes the development of anitramine/hydroxy-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB)-based castable PBX. The PBXs were processed as per standard procedures. Bimodal/trimodal particle size system was selected to reach asolid loading of 88 wt per cent. High solid loading was made possible through proper combination ofcoarse/fine ratio of solid ingredients, which was based on a number of tap density experiments.Processability of the binder system was studied by using various wetting agents as well as by selectingbinder/plasticizer ratios. Mechanical properties of the PBXs were enhanced by different crosslinkingagents. The explosive properties ofPBXs including detonation velocity , processability and sensitivityto different types of stimuli, were studied. The results show that PBXs can be manufactured withdetonation properties better than those of composition B/octol with the added advantages of superiorthermal and sensitivity characteristics.
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