Tagging of Explosives for Detection
AbstractThis paper gives the results of a study on estimation of shelf life of2,3-dimethyI2,3-dinitrobutane (DMNB)-tagged RDX and PETN expiosives by monitoring DMNB depletion by high performance
liquid chromatography and simultaneously recording the detectability of the tagged explosive composition using explosive vapoUf detector Model-97 HS. DMNB was incorporated in the explosive using methanol as solvent for DMNB and the explosive compositions were stored at 35,55 and 75 °C over a long period. Methods developed for preparing the homogeneously tagged composition with DMNB at 0.5 per cent level and for the analysis ofDMNB for ensuring homogeneity of DMNB in the composition are described. The results show no change in compatibility and sensitivity on the incorporation of DMNB in the explosive. Estimation of shelf life of DMNB in the explosive was done for a period of storage of 202-304 days at different temperatures.
Jones, David & Augsten, Rainer. Thermal studies on DMNB, a detection agent for explosives 27th International Annual Conference of ICT on Energetic Materials, 1996. pp.15.1-15.14.
Staples, E. J .; Watson, G. W. & McGuirre D. SA W /GC detection of taggants and other volatile compounds associated with contraband materials. Chemical Abstracts, 126(2), 265944x.
Chen, T.H. Low cost production of 2,3-dimethyl contributors 2,3-dinitrobutane; working paper of International Civil Aviation Organisation. 15 February, 1993,.Montreal, CanadaAH-DE/7-WP/14.
Shechter, H. & Kaplan, RoB. Oxidative dimerisation of nitropropane. J. Amel: Chem. Sac., 1953,75, 3980-83.
Chen, T. H. Manufacture and characterisation of modified composition C-4 tagged with2,3-dirnethyl 2,3-dinitrobutane. U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Centre, Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey. October 1990. Report No. SMCAR-AEEAEE- WE-90-27.
Moses, S. A. Accelerated life test for aerospace explosive components. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Explosives and Pyrotechnics, 9 Sept. 1971, pp. 11-3-1 to 11-3-7 .
Asthana, S.N.; Divekar, C.N. & Singh, H. Studies on thermal stability, auto-ignition and stabiliser depletion for shelf life of CMDB propellants. J. Haz. Mats., 1989, 21, 35-46.
Smirnov, S.P.; Gabdullin, P.H. & Ahmetov, I.Z. Study on the possibility of prediciting the retention of marker additives in plastic explosives. Working paper of International Civil Aviation Organization, 14to18, February 1994, Montreal, Canada.AHDE/8-WP/7 .
where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India