A Numerical Study of Penetration in Concrete Targets by Eroding Projectiles of Different Materials
Numerical simulations have been performed to examine the effect of three different eroding rod materials on the penetration in concrete targets. Same kinetic energy is delivered to concrete target using cylindrical rods of Aluminium, Iron, and Copper of identical size. Impact velocities have been varied to keep the kinetic energy the same. Penetration characteristics like centerline interface velocity, penetrator deceleration, plastic strain in the target, and energy partitioning during penetration have been studied for the three different penetrator materials. In all three cases, penetration proceeds nearly hydrodynamically. It is seen that even though the steady-state penetration ceases before reaching the hydrodynamic limit, the secondary penetration takes the total penetration beyond the hydrodynamic value. Plastic strain in the target material is a measure of damage beyond the crater produced by penetration. The lateral extent of plastic strain in target is more for Aluminium penetrator compared to the other two. Energy partitioning during penetration provides details of the rate at which energy is entering into the target. Kinetic energy delivered to the target during impact is partitioned into internal energy and kinetic energy of the target. Finally, the influence of target thickness on the extent of plastic strain has been studied. The result shows that Aluminium penetrators inflict maximum damage to targets of finite thickness.
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