Direct Fabrication of sub 100 nm Nanoneedles in Silver using Femtosecond Laser Direct Writing
Novel methods for production of nanomaterials are urgently needed for various applications, especially in defence. In this work, we propose a direct method to produce silver nanoneedles using the femtosecond laser direct writing (LDW) technique. Femtosecond pulses were focused by a microscope objective on to a metal sheet to produce the nanoneedles. Nanoneedles of required dimensions were fabricated with a simple replacement of microscope objective of different numerical aperture. Further, we have investigated the effect of confinement. Finally, the application of nanoneedles is demonstrated for trace level detection of picric acid using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy and a field deployable portable Raman spectrometer.
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