Observed Inter annual Variability of Upwelling Characteristics during 2016 2017 A Study using Princeton Ocean Model
Oceanographic observations carried out during 2016 and 2017 onboard INS Sagardhwani in the Southeastern Arabian sea are used to study the inter-annual variability of the upwelling. In 2016, the strong upwelling signatures are noticed in the observations (SST < 27°C and strong up-slopping of isotherms) as well as in the satellite derived sea level anomaly data. Whereas in 2017 the low sea level in June (-2 cm) are weakened during the mid of July (+3 cm) along the southern track (8 °N and 9 °N). This decrease in the strength in 2017 can be attributed to two major reasons. One is the presence of an anti-cyclonic eddy along the coast (8.5 °N, 76.5 °E) weakens the upwelling processes and second is the weak northerly component of the wind compared to 2016. In addition, Lakshadweep low is less prominent and situated towards the southern side (around 7°N) of its usual region of occurrence in 2017. The inter-annual variability of upwelling during July 2016 and 2017 is investigated using the 3D ocean model Princeton Ocean Model. Experiments with model in different combinations of forcing reveals that the alongshore wind component is the major parameter influencing the upwelling characteristics during these periods.
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