Image Steganography using Hybrid Edge Detector and Ridgelet Transform

  • S. Uma Maheswari Department of ECE, Karunya University, Coimbatore
  • D. Jude Hemanth Department of ECE, Karunya University, Coimbatore
Keywords: Steganography, data hiding, information security, ridgelet transform, hybrid edge detector


Steganography is the art of hiding high sensitive information in digital image, text, video, and audio. In this paper, authors have proposed a frequency domain steganography method operating in the Ridgelet transform. Authors engage the advantage of ridgelet transform, which represents the digital image with straight edges. In the embedding phase, the proposed hybrid edge detector acts as a preprocessing step to obtain the edge image from the cover image, then the edge image is partitioned into several blocks to operate with straight edges and Ridgelet transform is applied to each block. Then, the most significant gradient vectors (or significant edges) are selected to embed the secret data. The proposed method has shown the advantages of imperceptibility of the stego image is increased because the secret data is hidden in the significant gradient vector. Authors employed the hybrid edge detector to obtain the edge image, which increases the embedding capacity. Experimental results demonstrates that peak signal-to-noise (PSNR) ratio of stego image generated by this method versus the cover image is guaranteed to be above 49 dB. PSNR is much higher than that of all data hiding techniques reported in the literature.

Defence Science Journal, Vol. 65, No. 3, May 2015, pp.214-219, DOI:

How to Cite
Maheswari, S., & Hemanth, D. (2015). Image Steganography using Hybrid Edge Detector and Ridgelet Transform. Defence Science Journal, 65(3), 214-219.
Computers & Systems Studies