Quantitative Analysis of Curing Mechanisms of Epoxy Resin by Mid- and Near- Fourier Transform Infra Red Spectroscopy

  • Sagar T. Cholake University of New South Wales, Sydney
  • Mykanth R. Mada University of New South Wales, Sydney
  • R.K. Singh Raman Monash University, Melbourne
  • Yu Bai Monash University, Melbourne
  • Xl Zhao Monash University, Melbourne
  • Sami Rizkalla North Carolina State University, USA
  • Sri Bandyopadhyay University of New South Wales, Sydney
Keywords: Epoxy resin, Amines, FTIR, Curing


This article informs the essence of major work done by a number of researchers on the analysis of two-step curing mechanism of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) epoxy resin in presence of amine curing agents using near- and mid-IR technology. Various peaks used as a marker for resin formation are discussed and their implementation is comprehensively studied. In addition to this, a wide range of information about the importance of reference peaks in both near-IR (NIR) and mid-IR (MIR) regions are congregated and their accuracy is audited. Also discrepancies observed by researchers in epoxy conversion (α) in NIR and MIR regions are reviewed to highlight the comparative advantages of both regions, one over the other.

Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 3, May 2014, pp. 314-321, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.7326

Author Biographies

Sagar T. Cholake, University of New South Wales, Sydney
Mr Sagar T. Cholake is a PhD scholar at University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia. He has received M Sc Tech in Engineering Materials from UNSW and B.Tech. in Metallurgy and Material Science from College of Engineering Pune, India. He has a published book chapter on fly ash recycling and he is currently working on epoxy strengthening for infrastructure applications.
Mykanth R. Mada, University of New South Wales, Sydney
Mr Mykanth Mada completed his B Tech from Jawaharlal Nehru Technologica University, Hyderabad, India. He submitted his thesis for Doctor of Philosophy in 2013 and received Master of Engineering(Research) in 2009 on ‘Carbon nanotube-Polymer nanocomposites’ at U niversityof New South W ales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia. He has presented many works on Carbon nanotube-Polymer nanocomposites in several conferences and is currently working on development of different types of polymer composites for energy generation, storage, and savings applications.
R.K. Singh Raman, Monash University, Melbourne
Prof. Raman Singh’s presently working as a professor at Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Monash University, Melbourne. He has supervised 32 PhD students. He has published over 140 peer reviewed international journal papers, 15 books/book chapters and nearly 100 reviewed conference publications. His professional responsibilities include leadership (as cochairman)of a few international conferences and membershipof editorial/review boards of a few journals. His expertise includes: Alloy Nano/microstructure-corrosion relationship,stress corrosion cracking, corrosion of biomaterials, corrosionmitigation by novel material, advanced and environmentally friendly coatings, high temperature corrosion, microbiologically influence corrosion.
Yu Bai, Monash University, Melbourne
Dr Yu Bai received his BE and ME in civil engineering from Tsinghua University, China and PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne EPFL, Switzerland. He joined the Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University in 2009. He has been awarded ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award in 2012 as the inaugural recipient. His current research interests include: Composite structures, fiber-reinforcedmaterials and structures, structural adhesives and adhesivelybonded structures, material and structural responses under critical load conditions.
Xl Zhao, Monash University, Melbourne
Prof. XL Zhao obtained his PhD and Doctor of Engineering from The University of Sydney. He has received prestigious fellowships from The Royal Academy ofEngineering U.K., Swiss National Science Foundation, Humboldt Foundation, Japan Society for Promotion of Science andChinese “1000-talent” program. His current research interests include: Tubular structures, FRP strengthening of structures and FRP construction.
Sami Rizkalla, North Carolina State University, USA
Dr Sami Rizkalla is a Distinguished Professor of Civil and Construction Engineering and the Director of the Constructed Facilities Laboratory, North Carolina State University. He is a Fellow of ACI, PCI ASCE, IIFC, EIC and CSCE. He is also the Director of the NSF Center ‘Center of Integrationof Composites into Infrastructure (CICI)’. He has 170 journal papers, 265 conference proceedings and 5 books published.
Sri Bandyopadhyay, University of New South Wales, Sydney
Dr Sri Bandyopadhyay of UNSW Australia School of Materials Science and Engineering is an international expert on microscopic and macroscopic aspects of composites fabrication, characterisation and property formulation/ improvements. He was senior research scientist in the Australian Defence Science & Technology Organisation MRL Melbourne where he earned the Best Scientist Award for ‘Novel in-situ SEM deformation and fracture studies of particulate and fibre reinforced polymer matrix composites’. He has about 130 journal papers, 10 invited book chapters, and another 120 or more conference publications. Sri is Chair of ACUN International Composites Conferences, and is the Editor-in-Chief of IJEE and Member of ACS.
How to Cite
Cholake, S., Mada, M., Raman, R., Bai, Y., Zhao, X., Rizkalla, S., & Bandyopadhyay, S. (2014). Quantitative Analysis of Curing Mechanisms of Epoxy Resin by Mid- and Near- Fourier Transform Infra Red Spectroscopy. Defence Science Journal, 64(3), 314-321. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.7326
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