Carboxymethyl Chitosan Modified Montmorillonite for Efficient Removal of Cationic Dye from Waste Water
The feasibility of carboxymethyl chitosan intercalated montmorillonite (CMCTS-MMT) clay used as a low-costand effective adsorbent for removal of cationic dye, crystal violet from the aqueous solution has been investigated.The synthesis of CMCTS-MMT was confirmed from the analytical information based on the characterization carried out by Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction data. During the removal process, batch technique was used and the effect of initial dye concentration, pH, temperature and weight ratio variation of sample composition were evaluated. Sorption process was analysed using pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order kinetic models. The data showed that the second order kinetic model was more appropriate for the absorption of thepresent dye. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms have been analyzed with the help of Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson analytical models. It was observed that the experimental data correlated reasonably well by the Redlich-Peterson and Langmuir isotherms. The desorbed CMCTS-MMT could be reused for adsorption of cationicdye. To investigate the changes in surface morphology of CMCTS-MMT after sorption, scanning electron microscopy analysis were done before and after adsorption of the cationic dye. Finally, the results in this study confirmed thatCMCTS-MMT may be an attractive contender for removal of cationic dyes from the waste water.
Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 3, May 2014, pp. 198-208, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.7318
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