On Corrosion of Ferrous Metals in Typical Indian Soils Part I : Cast Iron

  • Brajendra Nath Tripathi Defence Science Laboratory, Delhi
  • Shanti Sarup Vats Defence Science Laboratory, Delhi
Keywords: Ferric Oxide, Statistic, Schwerdtfeger's Soil Corrosion, Indian Soils, Iron


Corrodibility of cast iron in ten typical Indian soils, employing Schwerdtfeger's soil corrosion cell procedure and the physico-chemical properties of the soils responsible for their corrosivity have been determined. The results have been statistically analysed, interpreted and correlated with various factors. Corrosion of cast iron in non acidic soils (p/supH4-10) proceeds through electro-chemical mechanism. Usually the rate of corrosion is maximum at the beginning and with development of the film of corrosion products, the rate gradually decrease with time until it becomes more or less constant, 'Even' general corrosion is observed on most of the cases. The maximum penetration is directly proportional corrodibility. The corrosivity of soils in situ is directly poroportional to the moisture equivalent or, in turn, to the clay content. The corrosivity of soils increases with the concentration at soluble electrolytes. Ferric oxide present in a laterite soil functions as a cathodic depolariser and hence increases its corrosivity. In an acidic soil, the corrosion mainly proceeds through the mechanism of direct chemical reaction.
How to Cite
Tripathi, B., & Vats, S. (2014). On Corrosion of Ferrous Metals in Typical Indian Soils Part I : Cast Iron. Defence Science Journal, 15(1), 13-25. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.15.7217
Research Papers