Advanced Mission Management System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

  • R. Anand Raji Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
  • A.P. Regu Kumar Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
  • Sheetal Purohit Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
  • T. Lakshmi Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
  • Venkatesh Dwivedi Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
  • Keshari Kumar Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Keywords: Mission management system, integrated modular avionics, mission computer, terrain-referenced navigation, optical flow, online path planning

Abstract

The paper presents advanced mission management system (MMS) for unmanned aerial vehicles, based on integrated modular avionics (IMA) architecture. IMA architecture enables the MMS to host high end functions for autonomous navigation and attack. MMS is a collection of systems to execute the mission objectives. The system constitutes mission computer (MC), sensors and other sub-systems. The MMS-MC needs to execute advanced algorithms like terrain referenced navigation, vision-aided navigation, automatic target recognition, sensor fusion, online path planning, and tactical planning for autonomy and safety. This demands high-end architecture in terms of hardware, software, and communication. The MMS-MC is designed to exploit the benefits of IMA concepts such as open system architecture, hardware and software architecture catering for portability, technology transparency, scalability, system reconfigurability and fault tolerance. This paper investigates on advanced navigation methods for augmenting INS with terrain-referenced navigation and vision-aided navigation during GPS non-availability. This paper also includes approach to implement these methods and simulation results are provided accordingly, and also discusses in a limited way, the approach for implementing online path planning.

Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 5, September 2014, pp.438-444, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.5992

Author Biographies

R. Anand Raji, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Ms R. Anand Raji pursued her BE (Computer Science & Engineering) from Madras University. Her contributions were mainly on software development for mission computer, display processor and EW systems. She is currently working in the capacity of Team Lead for Algorithm Group in Avionics Division at Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE), Banglore. She is currently working for the Mission Management System for UAV and algorithm development for Dual-colour missile approach warning system.
A.P. Regu Kumar, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Mr A.P. Regu Kumar is an Aeronautical Engineer from KIIGA, Kiev. He has contributed towards structural design and development activities related to various unmanned aircraft. Currently he is heading the Avionics Group at DARE, Banglore as Group Director and engaged in the development of computer hardware and software for combat aircraft projects.
Sheetal Purohit, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Ms Sheetal Purohit obtained her BE (Electronics Engineering) from Madhav Institute of Technology & Science, Gwalior, and MTech (Microelectronics) from IT BHU, Varanasi. She is currently working for the mission management system for UAV and Algorithm development for wide FOV surveillance system.
T. Lakshmi, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Ms T. Lakshmi pursued her BE (Electronics & Communication Engineering) from Thyagaraja University. She is currently working for integrated modular avionics (IMA)-based mission computer design and 8-core MIPS based IMA computer with fibre channel switch for avionics projects.
Venkatesh Dwivedi, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Mr Venkatesh Kumar Dwivedi completed his BE (Electronics & Communication Engineering) from BMS College, Bangalore and MTech (Signal Processing & Communication) from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, in 2012. His research interests include : Statistical signal processing, automatic target recognition, sensor data fusion and vision based navigation.
Keshari Kumar, Defence Avionics Research Establishment, Bangalore
Mr Keshari Kumar completed his BE (Electronics & Communication Engineering) from NITK, Surathkal. Currently working on several Avionics projects including video pod integration with MiG 27, DARIN III mission computer and next generation display processor for Su-30 aircraft.
Published
2014-06-10
How to Cite
RajiR., KumarA., PurohitS., LakshmiT., DwivediV., & KumarK. (2014). Advanced Mission Management System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Defence Science Journal, 64(5), 438-444. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.5992
Section
Computers & Systems Studies

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