Energetics and Compatibility of Plasticizers in Composite Solid Propellants
AbstractIn this paper a comparative analysis on the energetics of ester type plasticizers such as dioctyl adipate (DOA), dioctyl phthalate (DOP),dibutyl sebacate (DBS), isodecyl pelargonate (IDP), trioctylphosphate (TOF), diethyl phthalate (DEP), tricresyl phosphate (TCP)and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and hydrocarbon type plasticizers such as polybutene (PB), spindle oil, naphthenic oil, polymer extender oil(PEO) and poly isobutylene (PIB) and the impact of some of the plasticizers on the work ability, pot life and mechanical properties of propellants based on two selected polymeric binders namely polybutadiene-acrylic acid-acrylonitrile (PBAN) ter polymer andhydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) have been reported. The compatibility of all the plasticizers on HTPB binder was also studied at different concentration levels and temperatures using Brookfield viscometer and reported. The mechanism of plasticization is also reviewed.
Smith, P.L. & Bankaitis, H., HTPB Propellants for Large Booster Applications, AIAA. NO. 71-708, 1971.
Sears. J. Kern & Darby. Joseph R.. The Technology of Plasticizers, USA, 1982
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