Technique for Exterior Expansion Measurement During Autofrettaging for Constant Fatigue Life
In an autofrettage process a given thick cylinder is subjected to such a pressure which gives a specified depth of elasto-plastic boundary. The outside diameter expansion during autofrettage process is a function of depth of autofrettage. To obtain a specified depth of elastic-plastic interface, the applied autofrettage pressure increases in direct proportion to the proof stress of the pressure vessel material. Although this increases the load bearing capacity of the barrel, resulting in enhanced factor of safety, this increases the maintenance cost of a hydraulic autofrettage plant. To assure quality, product safety and manufacturing economy, an optimal autofrettage pressure is defined. The paper proposes that the minimum autoftrettage pressure is the pressure at which the pressure exterior expansion curve intersects line of constant factor of safety. At higher values of 0.2 per cent proof stress of tube material autofrettaging based on line of constant factor of safety will result in a reduction in fatigue life. The point of intersection of exterior expansion curve with line of constant fatigue life has been defined as the optimal pressure because the specifications of factor of safety and fatigue life are simultaneously achieved. The proposed process design based on above concept has been validated using finite element simulation and empirical post-autofrettage measurements. The verification of the shakedown condition for reverse yielding due to the Bauschinger effect (Huang’s model) and fatigue life has also been satisfied.
Defence Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 4, July 2014, pp. 385-392, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.64.3886
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