Studies on Thin Films of Antimony Vacuum Evaporated from a Knudsen-Type Source
AbstractA Knudsen-type evaporation source was used for the deposition of thin films of antimony to study their growth and microstructure under different rates of evaporation and substrate temperatures when vacuum evaporated onto air-cleaved KC1, mica, amorphous carbon and doped KCl substrates. The crystallisation of these films on exposure to an electron beam of moderate intensity inside the electron microscope was studied, and the orientations of the crystallised films wrt the substrate were established. It has been concluded that antimony films prepared by this source compare well with those prepared by other sources of vacuum evaporation.
Chopra, K.L. Thin film phenomenon. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1969. 203p.
Bahadur, K. & Chaudhary, K.L. Growth and nucleation of antimony films. Proceedings of the European Conference on Electron Microscopy, Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, Roma, Rome,
Bahadur, K. & Chaudhary, K.L. Crystallisation of amorphous antimony films prepared by vacuum evaporation. Appl. Phys. Lett., 1969, 15, 277.
Bahadur, K. & Chaudhary, K.L. Crystallisation of amorphous antimony films evaporated onto amorphous substrates. Septieme Congres International De Microscopie Electronique, Societe Francaise de Microscopie Electronique, Paris,
Grenoble, 1970. 449p.
Chaudhary, K.L. A Knudsen-type vacuum evaporation source. Del Sci. J., 1996, 46(1), 27-30.
Bradley, D.E. Brit. J. Appl. Phys., 1954, 5 65.
Hermann, W. & Riemer, L. Z..fur Naturforschung, 1965, 20(a), 1050.
Tolansky, S. Multiple-beam interferometry of surfaces and films. Oxford, 1948.
Matthews, I. W. Philosophical Magazine, 1965 12, 1143.
Chaudhary, K.L.; Ramesh Kumar, & Chopra, A. .K.Microstructure of thin films of CdSe vacuum evaporated from a Knudsen-type crucible. Def. Sci. J., 1998, 48(3), 263-69.
Where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India