Identification of Military-related Science and Technology

  • Ronald N. Kostoff The MITRE Corporation, USA
  • Sujit Bhattacharya National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi
Keywords: India, text mining, military-relevant, pattern extraction, defence infrastructure


A proof-of-principle demonstration for extracting military-related technologies from a country's total technology publications has been performed, and applied to the Indian science and technology literature#. The method is general and can be applied to the extraction of any meta-category (e.g., intelligence-relevant
technologies, infrastructure-relevant technologies, etc) which is not easily obtained from document clustering or factor analysis. The methodology for identifying relevant literature on military science appears to provide credible results. The volume of literature retrieved will vary depending on how strongly relevant is the desired literature. For the same definitions of 'military relevant', the volume of India's literature in the Ei Compendex database was an order of magnitude less than that of the USA or China.

Defence Science Journal, 2010, 60(3), pp.259-270, DOI:

Author Biographies

Ronald N. Kostoff, The MITRE Corporation, USA
At MITRE Corporation working on text mining. His orbiting molecular shield (aka wake shield) invention pioneered the capability of high vacuum in low orbit, presently exploited by all manned space vehicles. His initial aero-braking research pioneered the aero-assisted orbit transfer sub-field of orbital transfer vehicles.
Sujit Bhattacharya, National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi
Presently, he is working as Scientist at National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies, CSIR, Delhi. He was Visiting Professor at the Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru
University, Delhi. His main area of research work is in science and technology policy studies covering S&T indicators, innovation studies, and intellectual property rights.
How to Cite
Kostoff, R., & Bhattacharya, S. (2010). Identification of Military-related Science and Technology. Defence Science Journal, 60(3), 259-270.
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