Advancement in Textile Technology for Defence Application

  • Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune
  • Mr. Ramdayal Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune
Keywords: Piezoelectric fabrics, controlled release fabrics, engineering fabrics


The early development of textiles involved use of natural materials like cotton, wool and flax. The advent of the new technology revolutionized textiles which enables to develop synthetic fibers like lycra®, a segmented polyurethane-urea, which has exceptional elastic properties, Kevlar®, which has ultra high strength properties and is used as bulletproof vest. For the improvement of personal mobility, health care and rehabilitation, it requires to integrate novel sensing and actuating functions to textiles. Fundamental challenge in the development of smart textile is that drapability and manufacturability of smart textiles should not be affected. Textile fabrics embedded with sensors, piezoelectric materials, flame retardant materials, super hydrophobic materials, controlled drug release systems and temperature adaptable materials can play major role in the development of advanced and high-tech military clothes. Advancement in the textile materials has the capacity of improving comfort, mobility and protection in diverse hostile environment. In this study, the advancement in energy harvesting textiles, controlled release textiles and engineering textiles are presented.

Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(3), pp.331-339DOI:

Author Biographies

Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune

Dr Balasubramanian K is a scientist and Research manager worked for the most reputed European Research Organisation, UK Materials Technology Research Institute (uK MatRI), Pera Innovation Park, Melton Mowbray, uK. He received uK MatRI award for technical Excellence 2007 and 2010. His fileds of research and expertise are in the areas of polymer science and technology, plastics engineering, thermoplastic elastomers, nanocomposites of polymers, composites of thermoset resins, biopolymer composites for tissue engineering, super critical foaming technology, polymer blends/alloys and fillers reinforced composites (glass fibre, carbon fibre and carbon nanotubes) for different applications.

Mr. Ramdayal, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune
Mr Ramdayal graduated in bachelors of technology in Mechanical Engineering from Uttar Pradesh Technical University. Currently he is pursuing his post graduation in Materials Science and Technology at Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (Du). His research work involves development of antibacterial membranes and fabrics for defence application.
How to Cite
Kandasubramanian, B., & Ramdayal, M. (2013). Advancement in Textile Technology for Defence Application. Defence Science Journal, 63(3), 331-339.
Materials Science & Metallurgy