Human Genome : A Gift of 20th Century and Challenge for 21st Century(Review paper)
Keywords: Human Genome, Gene, DNA, Genetic Diseases, Genomics, Genetic Engineering, Pharmacogenomics, Proteomics, DNA chip technology
AbstractCompletion of the human genome sequencing has stirred the whole scientific community in many ways. Apart from deciphering the biological meaning of sequence-language written in three billion letters, which may take a century, scientists are essentially confronted with many challenges. It will not only revolutionise the field of genetics in terms of knowing ourselves better but also help us tremendously in identifying genetic diseases and preventing them by predicting and finding cure for them. Integration of medicine and molecular biology is expected to lead to better health care systems by preventing people from becoming sick by following a suggested way of life based on individual genetic makeup. Recently developed technologies are helping scientists to analyse the genome at an unprecedented scale and understand the function of various genes, influence of environmental factors on them and their correlation with human behaviour. Availability of human genome sequence has raised several ethical and moral questions regarding the confidentiality of the sharing of genomic information as well as whether society is ready for this. Real challenge, after knowing functions of all the genes, would be to make use of this knowledge for the welfare of human beings with the aim to enhance the quality of human life.
How to Cite
Pandit, M., & Singh, L. (2002). Human Genome : A Gift of 20th Century and Challenge for 21st Century(Review paper). Defence Science Journal, 51(4), 341-351. https://doi.org/10.14429/dsj.51.2248
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