Non-reacting Flow Analysis from Combustor Inlet to Outlet using Computational Fluid Dynamics Code

  • G. Ananda Reddy Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
  • V. Ganesan Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Keywords: Non-reacting flow, computational fluid dynamics, combustor, turbulence, continuity, total-pressure loss, static pressure recovery coefficient, swirler, CFD, gas turbine combustion, flow-field phenomenon, diffuser-combustor flow interaction


This paper describes non-reacting flow analysis of a gas turbine combustion system. The method is based on the solution of Navier-Strokes equations using generalised non-orthogonal coordinate system. The turbulence effects are modelled through the renormalisation group k-E model. The method has been applied to a practical gas turbine combustor. The combustion
system includes swirler vane passages, fuel nozzles, rotor bleed, customer bleed, air-blast atomiser, swirl cone, and all holes in primary , dilution , dome, flare, and cooling ring. The
total geometry has been created using the pre-processors GAMBIT and CATIA, and the meshing has been done using GAMBIT, and the analysis carried out in a FLUENT solver. The interaction between the diffuser and the combustor external flows plays a key role in controlling the pressure loss, air flow distribution around the combustor liner, durability, and stability. The aero gas turbine combustor designs are generally guided by experimental methods and past experience; however, experimental methods are inherently slow, costly, especially at high
temperature engine-operating conditions. These drawbacks and the growing need to understand the complex flow-field phenomenon involved, have led to the development of a numerical
model for predicting flow in the gas turbine combustor. These models are used to optimise the design of the combustor and its subcomponents, and reduce cost, time, and the number of
How to Cite
Reddy, G., & Ganesan, V. (2004). Non-reacting Flow Analysis from Combustor Inlet to Outlet using Computational Fluid Dynamics Code. Defence Science Journal, 54(4), 455-467.
Applied Physics & Fluid Dynamics