Landmine Detection Technologies to TraceExplosive Vapour Detection Techniques

  • J. C. Kapoor Centre for Fire, Explosive & Environment Safety, Delhi
  • G. K. Kannan Defence Bioengineering and Electromedical Laboratory, Bangalore
Keywords: Landmine detection, trace explosive vapour detection, multi-sensor devices, sensor fusion


Large quantity of explosive is manufactured worldwide for use in various types of ammunition,arms, and mines, and used in armed conflicts. During manufacturing and usage of the explosiveequipment, some of the explosive residues are released into the environment in the form ofcontaminated effluents, unburnt explosives fumes and vapours. Limited but uncontrolledcontinuous release of trace vapours also takes place when explosive-laden landmines are deployedin the field. One of the major technological challenges in post-war scenario worldwide is thedetection of landmines using these trace vapour signatures and neutralising them safely.  Differenttypes of explosives are utilised as the main charge in antipersonnel and antitank landmines. Inthis paper, an effort has been made to review the techniques so far available based on explosivevapour detection especially to detect the landmines. A comprehensive compilation of relevantinformation on the techniques is presented, and their maturity levels, shortcomings, and difficultiesfaced are highlighted.
How to Cite
Kapoor, J., & Kannan, G. (2007). Landmine Detection Technologies to TraceExplosive Vapour Detection Techniques. Defence Science Journal, 57(6), 797-810.
Armaments & Explosives

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