Controlled Synthesis of Nanomaterials using Reverse Micelles
Monophasic nanosized oxides were synthesised mainly from metal oxalate nanorods obtainedusing the reverse micellar method. This paper focuses on the methodology to obtain importantmetal oxides like tin dioxide, cerium oxide (CeO2 ), zirconia, and zinc oxide. The effect of oxidationstate of the metal ion on the morphology of the oxalates was studied. Nanorods of zinc (II)oxalate (120 nm in dia and 600 nm in length) were obtained while spherical particles of size 4Œ6 nm were obtained for cerium (III) oxalate. The decomposition of these precursors at highertemperature led to the formation of their respective oxides. Mixture of nanorods and nanoparticles of CeO2 was obtained while 3Œ4 nm sized ZrO2 nanoparticles were obtained by thermaldecomposition of zirconium oxalate precursor. The dielectric constant and loss were highly stablewith frequency (at room temperature) for both ceria and zirconia nanoparticles. ZnO nanoparticles(55 nm sized) were obtained by the decomposition of zinc oxalate nanorods. Three peaks corresponding to free excitonic emission, free-to-bound, and donor-acceptor transitions were observed in the photolumine scence studies at 20 K for ZnO nanoparticles.
Defence Science Journal, 2008, 58(4), pp.531-544, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.58.1674
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