Real time Adaptive Approach for Hidden Targets Shape Identification using through Wall Imaging System
In Through-wall Imaging (TWI) system, shape-based identification of the hidden target behind the wall made of any dielectric material like brick, cement, concrete, dry plywood, plastic and Teflon, etc. is one of the most challenging tasks. However, it is very important to understand that the performance of TWI systems is limited by the presence of clutter due to the wall and also transmitted frequency range. Therefore, the quality of obtained image is blurred and very difficult to identify the shape of targets. In the present paper, a shape-based image identification technique with the help of a neural network and curve-fitting approach is proposed to overcome the limitation of existing techniques. A real time experimental analysis of TWI has been carried out using the TWI radar system to collect and process the data, with and without targets. The collected data is trained by a neural network for shape identification of targets behind the wall in any orientation and then threshold by a curve-fitting method for smoothing the background. The neural network has been used to train the noisy data i.e. raw data and noise free data i.e. pre-processed data. The shape of hidden targets is identified by using the curve fitting method with the help of trained neural network data and real time data. The results obtained by the developed technique are promising for target identification at any orientation.
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