Adaptive True Proportional Navigation Guidance Based On Heuristic Optimization Algorithms
The PN-guidance (Proportional Guidance) still continues to be improved, because it is the simplest, cheapest and most reliable algorithm. One of the most important techniques to improve PN-guidance is to adapt the navigation constant depending on time. In this study, first, the entire adaptation methods for PN-guidance are classified, then the adaptation process is online achieved by using heuristic optimization during guiding the missile. The novelty of this study is that the heuristic optimization approach is used at the first time to update the navigation constant of PN-guidance. It is considered that having short program code, fast convergence speed and just simple algebraic computations without derivative are vital advantages of heuristic algorithms using into missile systems. In this scope, an Adaptive True-PN (ATPN) guidance algorithm is designed by optimizing navigation constants varying according to the target behavior. The results show that while the acceleration gap of the pitch axis decreases 21.8%, the acceleration gap of yaw axis reduces 39.68%. These reductions mean that while the missile guided by ATPN is maneuvering, it is exposed to less acceleration and less strain.
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