Internet of Things Controlled Reconfigurable Antenna for RF Harvesting

Arun Vijayan, Karl Marx lR

Abstract


Internet of Things (IoT) controlled a reconfigurable antenna with PIN diode switch for modern wireless communication is designed and implemented. Direct contact of biasing network with the antenna is eliminated and the switching unit is manipulated through IoT method. The proposed antenna has ring structures, in which the outer ring connects the inner ring structure through a PIN diode switch. The dimension of the proposed antenna is reported as 50 mm × 50 mm and its prototype has been made-up on epoxy-Fr4 substrate with 1.6 mm thickness. This antenna setup is made to reconfigurable in four bands (4.5 GHz, 3.5 GHz, 2.4 GHz, and 1.8 GHz) through switching provided by IoT device (NodeMCU). The antenna has a good return loss greater than -10dB.In switching state 2 the antenna has a return loss of -30 dB peak is attained at 3.4 GHz of operating frequency. Similarly the gain response of antenna is good in its operating bands of all switching states and obtained a maximum gain of 2.7 dB in 3.5 GHz. Bidirectional radiation pattern is obtained in all switching states of the antenna.


Keywords


Reconfigurable antenna; Internet of Things antenna; PIN diode switching antenna; Frequency reconfiguration; RF Harvesting

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.68.12669



Defence Science Journal (DSJ)