Tracking of Midcourse Ballistic Target Group on Space-based Infrared Focal Plane using GM-CPHD Filter
Tracking of midcourse ballistic target group on space-based infrared focal plane plays a key role in the space-based early warning system. This paper proposes the Gaussian-mixture cardinalized probability hypothesis density (GM-CPHD) filter to solve this problem. The multi-target states and measurements on infrared focal plane are modeled by random finite set (RFS). The intensity function of RFS of multi-target states and the probability distribution of target number are jointly propagated by cardinalized probability hypothesis density (CPHD) recursion. Under the assumptions of linear Gaussian multi-target models, the Gaussian-mixture implementations of CPHD are presented, and the target number and the multi-target states on infrared focal plane are estimated. In order to enable track continuity, we propose 0-1 integer programming to associate the estimated states between frames. The simulation results show that the GM-CPHD filter can dramatically improve the accuracy of estimated target number and estimated target states compared with the Gaussian-mixture probability hypothesis density filter, and that the track continuity can be successfully achieved.
Defence Science Journal, 2012, 62(6), pp.431-436, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.62.1199
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