Interaction of Radiofrequency Radiation with Biological Systems A Comprehensive Update on Recent Challenges

  • Saurabh Verma DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India
  • Asheesh Gupta DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India
  • Bhuvnesh Kumar DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India
Keywords: Biological systems; Radiation exposure; Radiofrequency; Safety levels; Thermal and non-thermal effects.

Abstract

Rapid advancement of radiofrequency (RF)-driven technologies has greatly affected our everyday lives. Increasing evidence led by in-vitro, in-vivo studies, epidemiological and clinical trials indicates that RF interacts considerably well with biological systems in various ways depending on different exposure parameters and properties of biological materials. Besides their innumerable benefits in different sectors of commercial and military fields, they can induce alterations in many physiological functions of the body, which may culminate into adverse human health consequences. The present article explicitly addresses the RF-based technologies and their applications, fundamentals of RF energy interaction with biological systems, exposure parameters, and dosimetry studies along with thermal and non-thermal effects on different vital organs at molecular and cellular levels. Further, this article outlines the limitations of RF-induced biological effect studies, status of risk assessment, safety levels and its future perspectives.

Author Biographies

Saurabh Verma, DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India

Mr Saurabh Verma, currently working as SRF-CSIR (MSc-Biotechnology) and pursuing his PhD at DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi. His research interests lie in deciphering cell signaling target molecules in wound healing, radiation biology and therapeutic interventions. He has published 6 peer-reviewed articles.

Asheesh Gupta, DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India

Dr Asheesh Gupta (PhD-Biochemistry), Scientist ‘E’ at DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi, and working in diverse areas like wound healing, photobiomodulation therapy, nano-composite scaffolds, dressings, herbal products, environmental stress physiology and radiation biology. He has published 57 peer-reviewed research article, 8 book chapter, monograph, encyclopedia, over 45 conference proceeding and holds one patent.

Bhuvnesh Kumar, DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi - 110 054, India

Dr Bhuvnesh Kumar, obtained his PhD (Veterinary Medicine) from G.B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttarakhand). Presently working as Scientist ‘H’/OS, Director of DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, Delhi. Earlier he worked as Director, Project Monitoring at Directorate of General Life Sciences, DRDO HQrs, and Director, DIHAR.

Published
2019-04-11
How to Cite
Verma, S., Gupta, A., & Kumar, B. (2019). Interaction of Radiofrequency Radiation with Biological Systems A Comprehensive Update on Recent Challenges. Defence Life Science Journal, 4(2), 83-90. https://doi.org/10.14429/dlsj.4.13383
Section
General Papers