Phytoremediation and Nanoremediation : Emerging Techniques for Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage Water

Pratyush Kumar Das

Abstract


Drainage from mining sites containing sulfur bearing rocks is known as acid mine drainage (AMD). Acid mine drainage water is a serious environmental pollutant that has its effects on plants, animals and microflora of a region. Mine water drainage mainly occurs due to anthropogenic activities like mining that leave the sulfur bearing rocks exposed. This drainage water poses as a potent soil, water and ground water pollutant. Although a lot of remediation measures have been implemented in the past but, none of them have been able to solve the problem completely. This review intends to focus on new emerging and better techniques in the form of phytoremediation and nanoremediation for treatment of acid mine drainage water. Besides, the review also gives more importance to the phytoremediation technique over nanoremediation because of the cost effectiveness and eco-friendly nature of the first and the nascent status of the latter. A hypothetical model discussing the use of hyperaccumulator plants in remediation of acid mine water has been proposed. The model also proposes natural induction of the phytoremedial ability of the plants involved in the remediation process. The proposed model assisted by inputs from further research, may be helpful in proper treatment of acid mine drainage water in the near future.


Keywords


Acid mine drainage; Phytoremediation; Nanoremediation; Hyperaccumulator; Heavy metals; Environment; Pollutant.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alder R, Rascher J. A strategy for the management of acid mine drainage from gold mines in gauteng. Report no. CSIR/NRE/PW/ER/2007/0053/C.CSIR, Pretoria.

Atkins AS, Singh RN (1982) A study of acid and ferruginous mine water in coal mining operations. Int. J. Mine Water. 2: 37-57.

Auffman M., Achouk W., Rose J., Roncato M.A., Chaneac C., Waite D.T. et al. (2008) Relation between the redox state of iron-based nanoparticles and their cytotoxicity towards Escherichia coli. Environ Sci Technol. 42: 6730–6735.

Badr N, Fawzy M, Al-Qahtani KM (2012) Phytoremediation: An Ecological Solution to Heavy-Metal-Polluted Soil and Evaluation of Plant Removal Ability. World Applied Sciences Journal. 16 (9): 1292-1301.

Bailey SE et al. (1999) A review of potentially low cost sorbents for heavy metals. Water Res. 33(11): 2469-2479.

Baker AJM and Brooks RR (1989) Terrestrial higher plants which hyperaccumulate metallic elements. A review of their distribution, ecology and phytochemistry. Biorecovery. 1: 81–126.

Baker AJM, Reeves RD, Hajara ASM (1994) Heavy metal accumulation and tolerance in British populations of the metallophyte Thlaspi caerulescens J. & C. Presl (Brassicaceae). New Phytol. 127: 61–68.

Bermudez E, Mangum JB, Wong BA, Asgharian B, Hext PM, Warheit DB. et al. (2004) Pulmonary responses of mice, rats, and hamsters to subchronic inhalation of ultrafine titanium dioxide particles. Toxicol Sci. 77: 347–357.

Bhattacharya S, Saha I, Mukhopadhyay A, Chattopadhyay D, Ghosh U, Chatterjee D (2013) Role of nanotechnology in water treatment and purification: Potential applications and implications. Int J Chem Sci Technol. 3: 59–64.

Brown DJA and Sadler K (1989) Fish survival in acid water. In Acid toxicity and aquatic animals Society for Experimental Biology Seminar series: 34. Cambridge University Press. Pp 31-44.

Cantrell KJ, Kaplan DI, Wietsma TW (1995) Zero-valent iron for the in situ remediation of selected metals in groundwater. J. Hazard. Mater. 42: 201–212.

Carlson L, et al. (2002) Scavenging of As from acid mine drainage by Schwertmannite and ferrihydrite: A comparison with synthetic analogues. Env. Sci. Tech. 36: 1712-1719.

Caruccio FT, Ferm JC, Harne J, Geidel G, Buganz B (1997) Paleoenvironment of coal and its relation to drainage quality, US Environmental Protection Agency Report No EPA-600, 7-067, pp 108.

Chaudhry Q, Blom-Zandstra M, Gupta SK, Joner E (2005) Utilizing the synergy between plants and rhizosphere microorganisms to enhance breakdown of organic pollutants in the environment. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 12:34–48.

Chowdhury AR, Sarkar D, Datta R (2015) Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage-Impacted Water. Curr Pollution Rep. 1: 131–141. doi: 10.1007/s40726-015-0011-3

Costello C (2003) Acid Mine Drainage: Innovative Treatment Technologies U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Technology Innovation Office, Washington, D.C.

Cunningham SD, Shann JR, Crowley DE, Anderson TA (1997) Phytoremediation of contaminated water and soil. In: Kruger EL, Anderson TA, Coats JR, editors. Phytoremediation of soil and water contaminants, ACS symposium series 664. Washington, DC: American Chem Soc., p. 2–17.

CSS (2002) Centre for streamside studies. “Environmental impacts of hardrock mining in eastern Washington”. College of Forest and Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Dhillon GS, Brar SK, Kaur S, Verma M (2012) Green approach for nanoparticle biosynthesis by fungi: current trends and applications. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 32: 49–73.

Diao M, Yao M (2009) Use of zero-valent iron nanoparticles in inactivating microbes. Water Resour. 43: 5243–5251.

Gaikwad RW, Gupta DV (2008) Review on Removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage. Applied Ecology Env. Res. 6(3): 81-98.

Glazier R, Venkatakrishnan R, Gheorghiu F, Walata L, Nash R, Zhang W (2003) Nanotechnology takes root. Civ Eng. 73: 64–69.

Grieger KD, Fjordøge A, Hartmann NB, Eriksson E, Bjerg PL, Baun A (2010) Environmental benefits and risks of zero-valent iron particles (nZVI) for in situ remediation: Risk mitigation or trade-off? J Contam Hydrol. 118: 165–183.

Hill RD (1972) Control and prevention of mine drainage. Paper presented at Battle conference, Columbus, Ohio, p 11.

Hoag GE, Collins JB, Holcomb JL, Hoag JR, Nadgouda MN, Varma RS (2009) Degradation of bromothymol blue by ‘greener’ nano-scale zero-valent iron synthesized using tea polyphenols. J Mater Chem. 19: 8671–8677.

Hoehn RC, Sizemore DR (1977) Acid mine drainage (AMD) and its impact on a small Virgina stream. Water Resour. Bulletin. 13: 153-160.

Jamal A, Dhar BB, Ratan S (1991) Acid mine drainage control in an open cast coal mine. Mine Water Env. 10: 1-16.

Johnson DB, Hallberg KB (2005) Acid mine drainage remediation options: A Review. Sci. Total Env. 338(1-2): 3-14.

Hallberg K, Johnson B (2005) Biological Managnese Removal from Acid Mine Drainage in Constructed Wetlands and Prototype Bioreactors. Sci. Total Env. 338(1-2):115-124.DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.09.011.

Jiao C, Cheng Y, Fan W, Li J (2014) Synthesis of agar-stabilized nanoscale zero-valent iron particles and removal study of hexavalent chromium. Int J Environ Sci Technol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-014-0524-0.

Kharissova OV, Dias Rasika HV, Kharisov BI, Pérez BO, Pérez Jiménez VM (2013) The greener synthesis of nanoparticles. Trends Biotechnol. 31: 240–248.

Kimmel WG (1983) The impact of acid mine drainage on the stream ecosystem. In Pennsylvania coal, resources, technology and utilization. Ed S.K. Majunder and W.W. Miller. The Pa. Acad. Sci. Publ., pp 424-427.

Kleinmann RLP (1985) Treatment of Acid Mine water by Wetlands. Control of Acid Mine Drainage, IC-9027.

Köber R, Hollert H, Hornbruch G, Jekel M, Kamptner A et al. (2014) Nanoscale zero-valent iron flakes for groundwater treatment. Environ Earth Sci. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3239-0.

Lackovic JA, Nikolaidis NP, Dobbs GM (2000) Inorganic arsenic removal by zero-valent iron. Environ. Eng. Sci. 17: 29–39.

Lee C, Kim JY, Lee WI, Nelson KL, Yoon J, Sedlak DL (2008) Bactericidal effects of zero-valent iron nano-scale particles on Escherichia coli. Environ Sci Technol. 42: 4927–4933.

Lewis ME and Clark ML (1996) How does stream flow affect metals in the upper Arkansas river ? US Geological Survey Fact Sheet. pp 226-296.

Lottermoser BG (2003) Mine wastes, characterization, treatment and environmental impacts. Springer, Verlag, Germany. pp 122-140.

Ma LQ, Komar KM, Tu C, Zhang W, Cai Y, Kennelley ED (2001) A fern that hyperaccumulates arsenic. Nature 409: 579. doi: 10.1038/35054664

Ma X, Gurung A, Deng Y (2013) Phytotoxicity and uptake of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) by two plant species. Sci Total Environ. 443: 844–849.

Machado S, Pinto SL, Grosso JP, Nouws HPA, Albergaria JT, Delerue-Matos C (2013) Green production of zero-valent iron nanoparticles using tree leaf extracts. Sci Total Environ. 445–446: 1–8.

Moreno N, Querol X, Ayora C (2001) Utilization of Zeolites synthesized from coal flyash for the purification of acid mine waters. Env. Sci. Tech. 35: 3526-3534.

Morrison SJ, Metzler DR, Dwyer BP (2002) Removal of As, Mn, Mo, Se, U, V, and Zn from groundwater by zerovalent iron in a passive treatment cell: reaction progress modeling. J. Contam. Hydrol. 56: 99–116.

Nel A, Xia T, Mädler L, Li N (2006) Toxic potential of materials at the nanolevel. Science 311: 622–627.

Nordstrom DK, Southam G (1997) Geomicrobiology- interactions between microbes and minerals. Mineral Soc. Am. 35: 261-390.

Nutt MO, Heck KN, Alvarez P, Wong MS (2006) Improved Pd-on-Au bimetallic nanoparticle catalysts for aqueous-phase trichloroethane hydrodechlorination. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 69: 115-125.

Oberdörster G, Oberdörster E, Oberdörster J (2005) Nanotoxicoloy: an emerging discipline evolving from studies of ultrafine particles. Environ Health Perspect. 113: 823–839.

O’Hara, krug S, Quinn TJ, Clausen C, Geiger C. Field and laboratory evaluation of the treatment of DNAPL source zones using emulsified zero-valent iron. Remediation 2006; 16(2): 35–56.

Otto M, Floyd M and Bajpai S (2008) Nanotechnology for Site Remediation. Remediation Journal. 19(1): 99-108.

Padmavathiamma PK, Li LY (2007) Phytoremediation technology: hyperaccumulation metals in plants. Water Air Soil Pollut. 184: 105–26. doi:10.1007/s11270-007-9401-5.

Puls RW, Blowes DW, Gillham RW (1999) Longterm performance monitoring for a permeable reactive barrier at the US Coast Guard Support Center, Elizabeth City, North Carolina. J. Hazard. Mater. 68: 109–124.

Quinn J, Geiger C, Clausen C, Brooks C, Coon C (2005) Field demonstration of DNAPL dehalogenation using emulsified zero-valent iron. Environ Sci Technol. 39(5): 1309-1318.

Rajan CS (2011) Nanotechnology in Groundwater Remediation. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. 2(3): 182-187. doi: 10.7763/IJESD.2011.V2.121

Rawat NS, Singh G (1983) Chemical, microbiological and geological aspects of acid mine drainage. J. Scient. Ind. Res. 42: 448-455.

Salt DE, Blaylock M, Kumar N, Dushenkov V, Ensley B, Chet RI (1995) Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants. Biotechnology. 13:468–74.

Savage N, Diallo MS (2005) Nanomaterials and water purification: Opportunities and challenges. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 7(4): 331–342.

Scott JS, Smith PG (1981) Dictionary of waste and waste treatment, Butterworths.

Sharma CS, Sarkar S, Periyakaruppan A, Barr J, Wise K, Thomas R et al. (2007) Single-walled carbon nanotubes induces oxidative stress in rat lung epithelial cells. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 7: 2466–2472.

Shokes TE, Moller G (1999) Removal of dissolved heavy metals from acid rock drainage using iron metal. Environ. Sci. Technol. 33: 282–287.

Simate GS, Ndlovu S (2014) Acid mine drainage: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2: 1785–1803.

Singh G (1987) Mine Water Quality Deterioration Due To Acid Mine Drainage. International Journal of Mine Water. 6(1): 49-61.

Singh G, Bhatnagar M (1985) Bacterial formation of acid mine drainage, Causes and Control. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 44: 478-485.

Thatai S, Khurana P, Boken J et al. (2014) Nanoparticles and core–shell nanocomposite based new generation water remediation materials and analytical techniques: A review. J Microchem. 116: 62–76.

Tiwari RK, Dhar BB (1994) Environmental Pollution from coal mining activities in Damodar river basin, India. Mine Water and The Environment. 13: Jun-Dec, pp 1-10.

Tordoff GM, Baker AJM, Willis AJ (2000) Current approaches to the revegetation and reclamation of metalliferous mine wastes. Chemosphere. 41(1–2):219–28.

Tratnyek PG, Johnson RL (2006) Nanotechnologies for environmental cleanup. NanoToday. 1: 44–48.

USDA (1993) “ Acid Mine Drainage from Impact of Hard Rock Mining on the National Forests: A Management Challenge”. USDA Forest Service, Program Aid 1505: 12

Waksman SA (1922) Microorganisms concerned in the oxidation of sulfur in the soil IV. A soil medium for the isolation and cultivation of thiobacillus thiooxidans. J. Bact. 7: 605-608.

Wang N, Zhou L, Guo J, Ye Q, Lin JM, Yuan J (2014) Adsorption of environmental pollutants using magnetic hybrid nanoparticles modified with rmbeta-cyclodextrin. Appl. Surf. Sci. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.03.054.

Wilkin RT, McNeil MS (2003) Laboratory evaluation of zero-valent iron to treat water impacted by acid mine drainage. Chemosphere. 53: 715–725




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dlsj.3.11346

Copyright © 2016, Defence Scientific Information & Documentation Centre (DESIDOC), All Rights Reserved.