Vertical Transmission of Chikungunya virus in Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes from Northern India
Keywords: Chikungunya, mosquito, vertical transmission, trans-ovarial transmission, RT-PCR, genome sequencing
AbstractChikungunya virus is now recognised as a resurging arbovirus of global public health significance, with their circulation in both new and old world. It is horizontally transmitted among vertebrates by Aedes mosquitoes. So far, the existence of vertical transmission of Chikungunya virus in Aedes vector is riddled with conflicting reports. In this study, presence of Chikungunya virus was detected in adult Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that emerged from field-collected larvae from Gwalior, northern India during 2010. This was further confirmed through nucleotide sequencing that revealed the presence of novel east central south African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya virus. This provides molecular evidence for vertical transmission of Chikungunya virus in mosquitoes in nature, which may have important consequences for viral survival during inter-epidemic period and adverse climatic conditions.
How to Cite
Singh, A., Soni, M., Agarwal, A., Dash, P., Parida, M., & Gopalan, N. (2016). Vertical Transmission of Chikungunya virus in Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes from Northern India. Defence Life Science Journal, 1(2), 184-187. https://doi.org/10.14429/dlsj.1.10744
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