Research Output of Biological Science during 1901 1945 A Scientometric Analysis
A scientometric evaluation of India’s scientific productions in the field of biological science during 1901-1947 has been performed. The growth rate, authorship pattern, collaboration trend, and prolific researchers (male and female) of biological science literature is investigated. From the result it is found that the mean relative growth rate and duplication time is 0.615 and 1.007 respectively for the period 1901-1945. The calculated results follow the spirit of the ‘Price Law’ i.e. the coefficient of determination of the exponential plot is greater than that of the linear plot. About 75 per cent papers are single-authored and the degree of collaboration is 0.249. The Collaborative author index (CAI) for single author shows decreasing trend while for two author and more than two author shows increasing trend. The data set derived from this study follows Lotka’s law of author productivity. The productivity of ten most productive researchers together contributed 15 per cent publication share. It is also found that the productivity of women researchers together contributed 0.62 per cent publication share in biological science research.
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