Plagiarism An Essay in Terminology

  • MP Satija Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar - 143005, India
  • Daniel Martínez-Ávila São Paulo State University (UNESP) Marilia, Brazil
Keywords: Copyright, Cryptomnesia, Information literacy, Plagiarism, Research frauds, Retractions, Terminology management


The terminology on plagiarism is not hard and fast. It is fluid, a bit ambiguous, and still emerging. It may take some time to settle the terms more clearly, concretely and exhaustively. This paper aims to provide a terminological discussion of some important and current concepts related to plagiarism. It discusses key terms/concepts such as copyright, citation cartels, citing vs. quoting, compulsive thief, cryptomnesia, data fakery, ignorance of laws and codes of ethics, information literacy, lack of training, misattribution, fair use clause, paraphrasing, plagiarism, plagiarism detection software, publish or perish syndrome, PubPeer, retraction, retraction vs. correction, retraction watch, salami publication, similarity score, Society for Scientific Values, and source attribution. The explanation and definition of these terms/concepts can be useful for LIS scholars and professionals in their efforts to fight plagiarism. We expect this terminology can be referred in future discussions on the topic and also used to improve the communications between the actors involved.

Author Biographies

MP Satija, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar - 143005, India

Dr. Mohinder Partap Satija retired as Professor and UGC Emeritus Fellow from the Department of Library and Information Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India. He has written more than twenty books, about 150 papers and numerous book reviews and conference papers published in India and abroad.

Daniel Martínez-Ávila, São Paulo State University (UNESP) Marilia, Brazil

Dr Daniel Martínez-Ávila is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Information Science, São Paulo State University, Marília, Brazil. He is a member of the ISKO Scientific Advisory Council. He also collaborates with the Satija Research Foundation for Library and Information Science, India, and the Institute for Gender Studies (IEg) at University Carlos III of Madrid, Spain.

How to Cite
Satija, M., & Martínez-ÁvilaD. (2019). Plagiarism An Essay in Terminology. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 39(2), 87-93.
Special Issue on Promoting and Maintaining Integrity in Higher Education and Research: