Parametric Analysis of Energy Absorption in Micro-particle Photophoresis in Absorbing Gaseous Media

W.K. Li, C.Y. Soong, C.H. Liu, P.Y. Tzeng


The study deals with photophoresis of a spherical micro-particle suspended in absorbing gaseous media. Photophoretic motion of the particle stems from the asymmetric distribution of absorbed energy within the particle. By evaluating the so-called heat source function at various conditions, the study focuses on the effects of governing parameters on the energy distribution within the particle and their potential influences to the photophoresis. The results reveal that the increase in either particle size or absorptivity enhances the energy intensity on the illuminated (leading) side and tends to generate positive photophoresis. For a particle of low absorptivity, the energy distribution is dominated by particle refraction. Enhancing particle refractivity, the energy tends to be focused onto a certain spot area on the shaded (trailing) side and leads to a tendency of negative photophoresis. Increasing medium absorptivity significantly degrades the level of energy absorbed by the particle and in turn weakens the driving force of the particle photophoresis.

Defence Science Journal, 2010, 60(3), pp.233-237, DOI:


Heat source function, size parameter, absorptivity, refractivity, particle photophoresis

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Defence Science Journal (DSJ)