Autoinjector Device for Rapid Administration of Life Saving Drugs in Emergency (Review Paper)

R Vijayaraghavan

Abstract


A number of emergency situations require immediate drug administration for reducing the morbidity and mortality. Autoinjectors are very useful devices for the rapid administration of the recommended drugs. They are well suited for emergency and mass casualty management, convenient to use and fast in action. A variety of autoinjectors are available viz., for nerve agent poisoning (atropine sulphate and pralidoxime chloride), anaphylactic shock (epinephrine), seizures (diazepam), and migraine (sumatriptan). The advantages of these autoinjectors are reviewed here with a focus on the requirement for autoinjectors for an antibacterial and an analgesic drug.

Defence Science Journal, 2012, 62(5), pp.307-314, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.62.2317


Keywords


Autoinjector, nerve agent, anaphylaxis, atropine sulphate, pralidoxime chloride, epinephrine, diazepam, sumatriptan, amikacin, buprenorphine

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