Influence of Initial State Errors on Perturbation Guidance Accuracy
The inertial navigation system is aligned and leveled before the launch of a long-range vehicle. However, the initial state errors caused by the non-uniformity of the Earth can influence the parameters in flight dynamics, which will bring about serious uncertainty for the impact point of a long-range vehicle. Firstly, this paper analyses the influence mechanism of initial state errors on nominal trajectory, navigation trajectory and guidance trajectory. Then, a propagation model of engine-cutoff state deviation caused by initial state errors is derived under the condition of without-guidance. On this basis, an accuracy analytical solution of initial state errors on perturbation guidance is finally proposed to obtain the real impact-point of the long-range vehicle. In the simulations, the influence properties of initial state errors on perturbation guidance is analysed, give influence regularities of single initial state error, and obtain the statistical properties of engine-cutoff state deviations and impact-point deviation by Monte Carlo technique. From the simulation results, it seems that the navigation state tracks the nominal state. However, the real impact- point deviation has not been truly eliminated, instead of the almost target-hit deviation calculated by navigation output. The proposed analytical guidance accuracy model can be rapidly computed to provide a compensation for guidance and control system to improve hit accuracy.
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