Exploring Web Link Analysis of Websites of Indian Institute of Technology

  • Samir Kumar Jalal Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Keywords: Webometrics, IITs, India, Link analysis, Search engines, SocSciBot, Pajek


Web links explore much useful information through densely linked web pages for a specific group of people or people with special research interest. The paper analyses the web link structure for a group of 23 IITs to discover new sources of information. It also discusses the problems of search engines and its limitations in web link analysis. Web link structures of Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) are analysed using SocSciBot4.0 and Pajek4. The paper tries to find out the pattern of hyperlinks among the premier IITs and new IITs separately. The study also covers the historical aspects and approaches of link analysis. Backlinks of IITs are analysed and micro-link topologies are constructed using Pajek. The result shows that more than 90 per cent of backlinks are in English language.

Author Biography

Samir Kumar Jalal, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Dr Samir Kumar Jalal did MA (Economics) and BLIS from Rabindra Bharati University, in 1996 and 1998, respectively and Associateship in Documentation and Information Science from DRTC, Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore, in 2001. He did PhD in Library & Information Science from The University of Burdwan. Currently, he is working as Deputy Librarian at Central Library, IIT Kharagpur since October 2014. He has published 47 papers in Journals and Conference Proceedings.


Weiss. HyPursuit: A hierarchical network search engine That exploits content-link hypertext clustering. In Proceeding HyPERTExT ‘96 Proceedings of seventh ACM conference on Hypertext, Bethesda, Maryland, USA, March 16-20, 1996, 180-193.

Jalal, S.K.; Biswas, S.C. & Mukhopadhyay, P. Web impact factor and link analysis of selected Indian universities. Ann. Libr. Inf. Stud., 2010, 57(2), 109-121.

Bjelland, J.; Canright, G.S.; Engø-monsen, K. & Engø- K. Web link analysis : Estimating a document’s importance from its Context. World Wide Web Internet Web Inf Syst., 2008, 95-113.

Vaughan, L. & Ninkov, A. A new approach to web co-link analysis. J. Assoc. Inf. Sci. Technol., 2018, 69(6), 820- 831. doi: 10.1002/asi.24000

Thelwall, M. A comparison of sources of links for academic Web impact factor calculations. J. Doc., 2002, 58(1), 66-78. doi:10.1108/00220410210425412

Bossy, M. The last of the litter : Netometrics. Solaris, 1995, 2. http://gabriel.gallezot.free.fr/Solaris/d02/2bossy. html. (accessed on 23 September, 2018)

Abraham, R.H. Webometry: Measuring the complexity of the world wide web. World Futures, 1997, 50(1-4),785- 791. doi: 10.1080/02604027.1997.9972670

Rousseau, R. Sitation: An exploratory study. Cybermetrics, 1997, 1(1), 1.

Almind, T.C. & Ingwersen, P. Informetric analyses on the world wide web: Methodological approaches to ‘Webometrics,’ J. Doc., 1997, 53(4), 404-426.

Ingwersen, P. The calculation of web impact factors. J. Doc., 1998, 54(2), 236-243. doi: 10.1108/EUM0000000007167

Brin, S. & Page, L. The anatomy of a search engine. In Proc 7th Int World-Wide Web Conf. 1998, 30(1-7), 20. doi: 10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-x

Garfield, E. The impact factor. Current Contents, 1994.

Garfield, E. How can impact factors be improved? BMJ, 1996, 313(7054), 411-413. doi: 10.1136/BMJ.313.7054.411

Mukhopadhyay, P. Measuring web impact factors: A webometric study based on the analysis of hyperlinks. doi: 10.1. 1.626.8019&rep=rep1&type=pdf (accessed on 2 October, 2018).

Smith, A.G. Web links as analogues of citations. Inf. Res. Int. Electron. J., 2004, 9(4). http://www.informationr.net/ ir/9-4/paper188.html (accessed 23 September 2018).

Vaughan, L. The wall M. Scholarly use of the Web: What are the key. J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol., 2003, 54, 29- 38.

Egghe, L. New informetric aspects of the Internet: Some reflections - many problems. J. Inf. Sci., 2000, 26(5), 329- 335. doi: 10.1177/016555150002600505

Deep link ratio analyzer tool. https://www.seroundtable.com/archives/001826.html. (accessed on 6 October, 2018).

Shukla, A. & Tripathy, A. Webometric analysis of institutes of national importance in India, IASLIC Bull., 2009, 54(3), 165-180.

Kleinberg, J.M. Authoritative sources in a hyperlinked environment. New york; 1999. www.harvard.edu. (accessed on 23 September 2018).

PageRank. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PageRank (accessed on 6 October 2018)

Mukhopadhyay, P. P. Measuring web impact factors: A webometric study based on the analysis of hyperlinks. doi: (Accessed on 23 September 2018).

Maharana, R.K.; Panda, K.C.; & Sahoo J. Web impact factor (WIF) and link analysis of indian institute of technologies (IITs): A webometric study. Lib. Philos. Pract., 2012, 789. doi: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/789/

Jalal, S.K.; Biswas, S.C. & Mukhopadhyay, P. Webometric analysis of central universities in India: A study. In International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, ICITST 2009, 2009.

Thelwall, M. Bibliometrics to webometrics, J. Inf. Sci., 2008, 34(4), 605-621. doi: 10.1177/0165551507087238

Thelwall, M. & Kousha K. Web indicators for research evaluation. Part 1: Citations and links to academic articles from the Web. El. Prof. la. Inf. 2015, 24(5), 587-606. doi: 10.3145/epi.2015.sep.08

Thelwall, M.; Vaughan, L. & Björneborn, L. Webometrics. Annu. Rev. Inf. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 81-135.

Nie, L.; Davison, B.D. & Qi, x. Topical link analysis for web search. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval-SIGIR ’06. Newyork, USA: ACM Press; 2006, 91. doi: 10.1145/1148170.1148189.

How to Cite
Jalal, S. (2019). Exploring Web Link Analysis of Websites of Indian Institute of Technology. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 39(1), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.14429/djlit.39.1.13692
Research Paper