| || Evaluation of Energetic Plasticisers for Solid Gun Propellant
Author : Damse, R. S.;Singh, Amarjit
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:58(1) ; 2008 ; pp 86-93
Subject : 66 Chemical Technology;662.3 Propellants
Keywords : Energetic plasticiser;Flame temperature;Force constant;Mechanical properties;Burning rate characteristics
Abstract : This paper reports the evaluation of four different energetic plasticisers, viz., glycidyl azide polymer (GAP, MW = 390), 1,5-diazido-3-nitrazapentane (DANPE), ethylene-glycol-bis-azidoacetate (EGBAA) and N-n-butyl-N-(2 nitroxyethyl) nitramine (n-Bu-NENA) separately into high energy gun propellant containing 28 per cent NC (13.1 N %), 65 per cent RDX, 6 per cent di-octylphthahate (DOP) and 1 per cent carbamite. Four different propellant compositions based on the energetic plasticiser have been formulated separately with the replacement of non-energetic plasticiser, DOP. The propellants were processed by standard solvent method and evaluated experimentally along with the control composition to determine the ballistic parameters, cal-val, sensitivity, thermal characterisation, thermal stability and mechanical properties. The performance of the propellants containing the energetic plasticiser has been compared with that of the control composition containing the non-energetic plasticiser, DOP so as to assess the suitability of the energetic plasticiser for the futuristic gun propellant formulations. It has been found out that n-Bu-NENA is the superior plasticiser among the four energetic plasticisers evaluated in this study.