| || Analysis of Metallised Propellant Ignition Process under Conductive Heating
Author : Umashankar, P.B. ;Nageswara Rao, K.;Suresh, V.;Bhaskaran, K.A.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:48(3) ; 1998 ; pp 287-296
Subject : 662.3 Propellants;66 Chemical Technology
Keywords : Solid phase reaction ;Gas phase reaction;Solid phase theory;Composite aluminised propellant
Abstract : Ignition of a composite aluminised propellant (AP-HTPB-Al) in stagnant hot air is analysed theoretically, based on solid phase and gas phase theories. According to solid phase theory, ignition is due to reaction of the propellant in the solid phase at elevated temperatures. One-dimensional transient solid phase energy equation is solved to obtain the surface temperature profile of the propellant. By gas phase theory, an exothermic gas phase reaction, adjacent to the propellant surface, is considered responsible for the ignition. The changes in temperature and concentrations in the gas phase and the temperature profile below the propellant surface during the pre-ignition induction period are considered. Equations of energy and concentrations of reactants have been solved to obtain the species concentration and temperature profiles in the gas phase. An experimental investigation of the ignition of AP-HTPB-Al propellant is also carried out in a shock tube under end-mount conditions. Pressure and temperature ranges were 6-16 bar and 1500-3000 K, respectively. A comparison of the experimental data with predicted results shows that the ignition in an oxidizing atmosphere is by gas phase reaction, whereas in an inert atmosphere, solid phase reaction may be predominant.