| || Natural Rubber Based Fuel Rich Propellant for Ramjet Rocket
Author : Thomas, Solomon;Varghese, T.L.;Gupta, S.K.;Ram, T.S.;Krishnamurthy, V.N.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:42(3) ; 1992 ; pp 141-146
Subject : 66 Chemical Technology;662.3 Propellants
Keywords : Propellants;Air breathing propulsion;Tertiary amine catalyst ;Propylene oxide
Abstract : Development of fuel rich propellants for air-breathing propulsion is one of the frontier areas of research. This carries less oxidiser than the normal propellants, uses ram air for complete combustion and is heavily metallised. Studies were conducted at VSSC for the development of hydroxyl-terminated natural rubber (HTNR)-based Mg and Mg-Al alloy-filled polyurethane systems. The HTNR prepolymer was modified to make it free of acid functionality so as to avoid reaction with the metals and was then reacted with calculated amount of propylene oxide in the presence of tertiary amine catalyst at room temperature. Various levels of Mg and Mg-Al alloy were used in different compositions and the effect on propellant characteristics was studied. TMP and butane diol were used for higher crosslinking, chain extension, etc and their effects were evaluated. Propellant compositions using 30-35 per cent by weight of Mg/Mg-Al alloy with the modified prepolymer have been developed. They exhibit good processibility and mechanical properties. The feasibility of room temperature curing was attempted. Motors weighing 2 kg with 100 mm OD and 200 mm length were successfully static-tested in the primary mode for performance evaluation.