| || Recovery of Ammonium Nitrate and reusable Acetic Acid from effluent generated during HMX production
Author : Raut, V. D. ;Khopade, R. S.;Rajopadhye, M. V.;Narasimhan, V. L.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:54(2) ; 2004 ; pp 161-167
Subject : 66 Chemical Technology;623.4 Armaments and Ballistics
Keywords : HMX;Glacial acetic acid;RDX;Ammonium nitrate;Spent liquor;Waste recovery;Effluent treatment
Abstract : Production of HMX on commercial scale is mainly carried out by modified Bachmann process, and acetic acid constitutes major portion of effluent/spent liquor produced during this process. The recovery of glacial acetic acid from this spent liquor is essential to make the process commercially viable besides making it eco-friendly by minimizing the quantity of disposable effluent. The recovery of glacial acetic acid from spent liquor is not advisable by simple distillation since it contains, in addition to acetic acid, a small fraction of nitric acid, traces of RDX, HMX, and undesired nitro compounds. The process normally involves neutralizing the spent mother liquor with liquor ammonia and then distillating the neutralized mother liquor under vacuum to recover dilute acetic acid by counter current solvent extraction, followed by distillation. The process is very lengthy and the energy requirement is also very high, rendering the process economically unviable. Hence, a novel method has been developed on bench-scale to obtain glacial acetic acid directly from the mother liquor after the second ageing process.