| || On Corrosion of Ferrous in Typical Indian Soils-Part II Wrought Iron
Author : Vats, Shanti Sarup ;Tripathi, Brajendra Nath
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:15(3) ; 1965 ; pp 177-184
Subject : 621.78.019.84 Corrosion;631.4 Soil Science
Keywords : Wrought ;Acidic;Penetration;Pitting
Abstract : Corrosion of wrought iron in ten Indian soils, employing Schwerdtfeger's soil corrosion cell procedure has been studied. The corrosion of wrought iron n non-acidic solid proceeds through electrochemical mechanism. Usually the rate of corrosion is maximum at the beginning and with the development of the film of the common products, the rate gradually decreases with time until it becomes more or less constant . In most of the cases 'uneven' general or local corrosion with pittings is observed. The maximum penetration is directly proportional to the corrodibility. Soils having moisture equivalent in the range 25-30% are most corrosive. The corrosivity of soils increases with increase in the concentration of soluble electrolytes. Ferric oxide present in laterite soil functions as a cathodic depolariser and hence increase the corrosivity. In and acidic sol the corrosion mainly proceeds through the mechanism of direct chemical reaction . The results have also been analyzed and correlated with various factors.