| || Radiation Induced Cancer from Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation : Risk Analysis Using the Cell Dose Concept
Author : Feinendegen, L.E.;Booz, J.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:40(4) ; 1990 ; pp 383-388
Subject : 61 Medical Sciences
Keywords : Molecular radicals ; Biological systems ; Organ tissue ; Carcinogenesis ; Enzyme activities;Molecular radicals;Biological systems;Organ tissue;Carcinogenesis;Enzyme activities
Abstract : High doses of ionizing radiations are known to bear the risk of cancer to the exposed individual. In order to appreciate potential carcinogenesis from low doses also, the action of ionizing radiation in the human body has to be considered in holistic approach: energy depositions to individual cells trigger effects within a hierarchical structure of interacting levels of biological systems, consisting consecutively of atoms, molecules, cells and organ tissue. The present paper describes the cell dose concept which is an essential factor in assessing the risk due to the ionizing radiation to the cells and tissues. Low dose of ionizing radiation induces adaptive response in individual cells which could be linked to the action of molecular radicals. Enzyme activities in bone marrow cells and bilayer lipid membranes and radicals are directly related to radiation effects. Temporary improvements of the detoxification of molecular radicals also improve the cellular defence. The risk analysis calls for more attention as it is important for radiation protection and other beneficial effects due to low doses of irradiation.