| || Normal and oblique impacts of hard projectile on single and layered plates : An experimental study
Author : Madhu, V.;Bhat, Balakrishna T.;Gupta, N. K.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:53(2) ; 2003 ; pp 147-155
Subject : 620.1 Material Science and Technology;623 Military Science and Engineering;623.4 Armaments and Ballistics;531.55 Projectiles
Keywords : Projectiles;Normal impact;Oblique impact;Simulations;Layered plates;Target damage;Ballistic limit;Ballistics;Residual velocity;Perforation;Multilayered targets
Abstract : The phenomenon of ordnance velocity impact of projectile on single and layered plates is of interest for many applications. In this paper. an experimental study of normal and oblique impacts or an ogive shaped, hard steel projectile on single and layered plates of mild steel and aluminium is presented. The projectiles were fired at an impact velocity of about 820 ms-1. The plate thickness was varied in the range 10 mm to 40 mm and the ratio of plate thickness to the diameter of the projectile varied in the range 1.5 to 13.0. Observations on target damage and measurements of incident and residual velocities for different angles of impact are presented. Plate thickness t*, for which the incident velocity is the ballistic limit, is determined. Computer simulations were carried out using a hydrodynamic code to simulate the normal impact of a projectile and compared these with the experimental results. Experiments were performed to evaluate the response of these plates of intermediate thickness when layered. and the results were compared to the results of single plate of same total thickness.