| || Theories for Skilled Limb Movements
Author : Agarwal, Gyan C.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:43(3) ; 1993 ; pp 187-200
Subject : 57.089 Biomedical Sciences
Keywords : Alpha gamma control;Perform skilled limb movements;Amplitude modulation
Abstract : Some of the theories that have been advanced to perform skilled limb movements are reviewed in this paper. The aspects discussed in brief include alpha-gamma control, choice of control variables in limb movements, equilibrium point hypotheses, experimental observations from simple movement studies and explanations proposed, in particular the dual strategy hypothesis. The single mechanical degree-of-freedom movements may be controlled by one of two strategies: a speed-insensitive strategy or a speed-sensitive strategy. The term strategy implies a set of rules which specify in terms of task variables and subject instructions how to choose the excitation signal, the controlling signal at the alpha motoneuron level. The two strategies differ in that speed-insensitive strategy is a result of duration modulation of the excitation pulse, whereas the speed-sensitive strategy is a result from amplitude modulation. Finally, the problem of multi-degrees of freedom movements and the role of higher motor control centres are discussed in brief.