| || Computational Fluid Dynamics in Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics
Author : Krishnendu,Sinha.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:60(6) ; 2010 ; pp 663-671
Subject : 532.542 Fluid Dynamics;Defence Science Journal
Keywords : Computational fluid dynamics ;Hypersonic aerothermadynamics;scramjet engine;hypersonic flows;re-entry capsules
Abstract : Hypersonic flows are characterised by high Mach number and high total enthalpy. An elevated temperature often results in thermo-chemical reactions in the gas, which play a major role in aerothermodynamic characterisation of high-speed aerospace vehicles. Hypersonic flows in propulsion components are usually turbulent, resulting in additional effects. Computational simulation of such flows, therefore, need to account for a range of physical phenomena. Further, the numerical challenges involved in resolving strong gradients and discontinuities add to the complexity of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. In this article, physical modelling and numerical methodology-related issues involved in hypersonic flow simulation are highlighted. State-of-the-art CFD challenges are discussed in the context of two prominent applicationsthe flow in a scramjet inlet and the flow field around a re-entry capsule.