| || Some Observations on the Ignition of Composite Solid Propellants
Author : Mohandas, K. ;Nagarajan, R.;Sankaralingam, S.;Kishore, K.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:45(3) ; 1995 ; pp 243-254
Subject : 662.3 Propellants;66 Chemical Technology
Keywords : Propellant ignition ;Pyrolysed polymer products;Heat flux
Abstract : Heat-up times derived from studies on the ignition characteristics of a few model composite solid propellants, containing polystyrene, carboxy-terminated polybutadiene, plasticised polyvinyl chloride and polyphenol formaldehyde as binders, show that they are directly proportional to the mass of the sample and inversely proportional to the heat flux. Propellant weight-loss prior to ignition and high pressure ignition temperature data on the propellants, ammonium per chlorate, and binders show that the ignition is governed by the gasification of the binder pyrolysis products. The activation energy for the gasification of the pyrolysed polymer products corresponds to their ignition behaviour suggesting that propellant ignition is controlled by the binder.