| || Depleted Uranium Penetrators : Hazards and Safety
Author : Bhat, T. Balakrishna ;Rao, S.S.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:47(1) ; 1997 ; pp 97-105
Subject : 623.4 Armaments and Ballistics
Keywords : Kinetic energy ;Superior ballistic;Open air firing;Airborne particles;Inhalation;Contaminated environment;Toxicity;Urinary excretion
Abstract : "The depleted uranium (DU) alloy is a state-of-the-art material for kinetic energy penetrators due to its superior ballistic performance. Several countries use DU penetrators in their main battle tanks. There is no gamma radiation hazard to the crew members from stowage of DO rounds. Open air firing can result in environmental contamination and associated hazards due to airborne particles containing essentially U/sub 3/0/sub 8/ and UO/sub 2/. Inhalation of polluted air only through respirators or nose masks and refraining form ingestion of water or food materials from contaminated environment are safety measures for avoiding exposure to uranium and its toxicity. Infusion of sodium bicarbonate helps in urinary excretion of uranium that may have entered the body. "