| || Mercury Cadmium Telluride photoconductive long wave infrared linear array detectors
Author : Singh, Risal;Mittal, Vandna
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:53(3) ; 2003 ; pp 281-324
Subject : 681.2 Instrumentation
Keywords : Photoconductor;Infrared detectors;LWIR;Linear arrays;Processing;Passivation;Overlap;Blocking contacts;Heterostructure;Responsivity;Noise;Detectivity
Abstract : Mercury cadmium telluride (Hg/sub1-xCd/subxTe) (MCT) photoconductive long wave infrared linear arrays are still in demand due to several advantages. The linear array technology is well established, easier, economical and is quite relevant to thermal imaging even today. The scan thermal imaging systems based on this technology offer wider field of view coverage and capacity for higher resolution in the scan direction relative to staring systems that use expensive and yet to mature focal plane array detector technology. A critical review on photoconductive n-Hg/sub1-xCd/subxTe linear array detector technology for the long wave infrared range has been presented. The emphasis lies on detector design and processing technology. The critical issues of diffusion and drift effects, Hi-Lo and heterostructure blocking contacts, surface passivation, and other related aspects have been considered from the detector design angle. The device processing technology aspects are of vital importance.