| || Effect of boundary conditions on freezing in porous media
Author : Basu, Rahul
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:54(3) ; 2004 ; pp 317-328
Subject : 532 Fluid Mechanics
Keywords : Heat and mass transfer;Boundary conditions;Phase interface;Advanced nimonics;Boundary functions
Abstract : "This paper examines a model for coupled heat and mass transfer for freezing in a porous media with Dirichlet and convective boundary conditions. Variables include porosity, heat transfer coefficients, thermal and mass diffusivity, density, latent heat, and boundary temperatures. A simulation for the slab illustrates the appearance of undercooling. A stability criterion for the phase interface is linked with well-known metallurgical parameters like undercooling and freezing rate. A possible mechanism for freckling in ingots of niobium-rich superalloys is examined. It has been shown that heat and mass transfer balance at the interface can affect stability. The effect of boundary conditions on the velocity of freezing is computed for some cases, including the self-freezing process. "