| || Fouling release coatings for warships
Author : Brady, Robert F.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:55(1) ; 2005 ; pp 75-81
Subject : 623.8 Naval Science
Keywords : Antifouling paints;Organotin antifouling paints;Antifouling biocides;Copper based paints;Fouling release coatings;Tin based paints;Hull coatings;Toxin free fouling release coatings
Abstract : "The International Maritime Organisation, a unit of the United Nations, has approved a resolution to phase out and eventually prohibit the worldwide use of toxic organotin antifouling paints. Thus, there is a compelling need to develop, test, and market eco-friendly hull coatings, which effectively keep ships free of fouling. The replacement for tin coatings will likely be low-toxicity copper-based paints, and various toxin-free fouling-release coatings. This paper reviews the composition and mechanism of action of these coatings and gives the strengths and weaknesses of each coating, with the aim of clarifying the impact of these coatings on the operation of warships. "