| || Technological Forecasting Applications: Framework and Case Study on Combat Vehicles
Author : Mishra, S .N.;Deshmukh, S. G.;Vrat, Prem
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:53(4) ; 2003 ; pp 371-392
Subject : 623 Military Science and Engineering;519.8 Operations Research
Keywords : Combat Vehicles;Technological Forecasting;Analytic hierarchy process;Nominal group technique;Delphi approach;Relevance tree;Morphological approach;Technology transfer
Abstract : The technological forecasting for predicting foreseeable scientific breakthroughs, refinements and discoveries has emerged as a serious professional activity in the recent years. In this era of highly competitive economy and cut-throat competitions, where technology change plays a pivotal role, the forecasting is of paramount importance to predict changes in advance and achieve the designated goals within specified time-frame so as to maintain the competitive advantage. The administration of military research and development has played a disproportionate role in the emergence of technological forecasting as a serious professional activity. This is one marketplace where an acute need for technological forecasting is felt as an adjunct to planning and execution, so as to maintain the much needed cutting edge over the adversaries by fielding superior weapon systems. In this paper, an attempt has been made to apply some of the techniques to futuristic combat vehicles. To generate greater confidence in the results, validation has been attempted through analytic hierarchy process. Based on the case study, a generalised framework is also proposed for technological forecasting and technology transfer.
| || Integrated process for smooth transition from development to production of weapon systems
Author : Bose, V.S.C. ;Krishna, V.
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:52(1) ; 2002 ; pp 11-20
Subject : 623 Military Science and Engineering;623.4 Armaments and Ballistics;623.41 Weapon Systems
Keywords : Technology transfer ;Weapon systems ;Missiles
Abstract : Production of weapon systems has proven to be as difficult as their development. The transition from development to production encompasses innumerable efforts to take a weapon system from laboratory into full-scale production. These efforts may span the development and production phases and constitute a major determinant of a weapon system's production costs. Besides, Indian manufacturers/production units, who seek know-how, generally go to foreign manufacturers and obtain complete production know-how. Obviously, they expect same kind of technological support, which are the preserves of the manufacturers'. An attempt has been made for the first time by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad for a technology transfer of highly sophisticated missiles to production agency. Experiences show that the technology receiver (i.e. production agency) should have a willingness to receive the technology and the technology donor should understand the culture of technology receiver and recode/restructure the technological information to fit into the technology receiver's domain. Production planning and preparations were conducted throughout the development phase to identify production requirements and to resolve the difficulties before production begins to achieve quality products. A unique technology transfer mechanism has been evolved and implemented successfully for one of the weapon systems developed by DRDL, Hyderabad. Production agencies have demonstrated their capability to produce subsystems of a weapon system of desired quality within the time schedule and cost by the time the weapon system performance was demonstrated to the users. Also, the deliveries of systems of development hardware continued into the production phase and production deliveries began with no line interruption.
| || Technology transfer and technology management in strategic systems
Author : Salwan, Prashant
Source : Defence Science Journal ; Vol:55(2) ; 2005 ; pp 141-148
Subject : 658 Management Sciences
Keywords : Technology transfer ;Knowledge economy;Technology management;National security;Product development
Abstract : In a knowledge-based economy, the issues of technology transfer and management of technology, especially in sensitive strategic industries, are of major concern. The transfer of technology is a complex multidisciplinary area of technology management involving technology transfers from overseas developing agencies and internal technology transfers. Technology is a combination of four basic components_facilities, abilities, facts, and frameworks. It cannot be created or transformed without proper technology climate. Such a climate includes research and development organisations, the industry, and the users. Management of a major weapon system, from development through production, requires effective administration and coordination of many activities. The transition process is a continuum of interrelated and interdependent activities and is impacted by activities that are not done in the early design and testing. Judicious transfer of technology/technology master plans at national level, balancing resources versus national security interests, are the only answers to the challenges of the emerging new technological imperialism.